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Les hommes face à la guerre : regards croisés sur les guerres austro-ottomanes au XVIIe siècle

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the war commitment of the armies within the border area between the casa de Austria and the Sublime Porte. Men of war and subjects take up arms in the name of the sovereigns (Holy Roman Empire, Ottoman Empire, Upper Hungary, Transylvania, Lorraine and Italian duchies). This study offers a total history of the Hungarian wars in the 17th century in three parts. It is based on handwritten, printed and iconographic documentation that is as rich as it is dispersed. It comes from numerous archives, from Parisian collections to departmental and municipal collections in Lorraine. To this must be added the funds further away from Vienna and Istanbul. Foremost among the documents processed is a corpus of registers from the Muhimme (Mühimme Defterleri), Kamil Kepeci and Maliyeden Müdevver Defterleri, Bestallungen, as well as a large collection of reports, letters and chronicles written by the men of the time. The work carried out highlights three points. The first examines the war of words based on the prophecies of the fall of the Ottoman Empire and its domination of the world. These Hungarian, Transylvanian, German, French, Lorraine, Savoy and Ottoman prophecies participate in the culture of antagonism and also serve as glorious ornaments. The second is the interface space represented by the gates of Hungary. This Austro-Ottoman border is far from being an insurmountable barrier. The conquest of part of the Hungarian lands in the 16th century by the Sultan gave it a new role. A frontier society is developing there where links, movements, exchanges are formed and circulate. At the same time, this space has experienced numerous incidents, acts of looting, depredations and raids. These disputes play a central role in the Ottomans entering the war against Vienna. On either side of the border, the two empires sought to organize and strengthen the Danubian border defenses in the 16th and 17th centuries. The last point focuses on war experiences at the individual level. War is above all a time when all warriors seek to respond to a host of personal and collective motivations. Fighters engage with a leader who allows them to practice the profession of arms in exchange for income and opportunities. They are a full-fledged society with its social divides and a transnational composition. But the shortcomings and the insufficiencies affect the fate of the men of war. They impose fragile modus vivendi on the generals, the soldiers and the populations of the Hungarian marches. Generals are therefore constantly confronted with the evils of war that make it difficult to manage troops, whether it be the relaxation of discipline, the rolling in the ranks caused by epidemics and desertions. They also provoke war looting which is not limited to the appropriation of property but also of people
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 11:38:06 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03663549, version 1



Özkan Bardakçi. Les hommes face à la guerre : regards croisés sur les guerres austro-ottomanes au XVIIe siècle. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0240⟩. ⟨tel-03663549⟩



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