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Journal Articles Acta Materialia Year : 2013

Composition-dependent ground state of martensite in Ni-Mn-Ga alloys


For Ni-Mn-Ga alloys, giant magnetic-field-induced strains may be achieved in a modulated martensitic state, offering attractive chances for academic and practical exploration. However, the metastability of modulated martensite imposes a severe constraint on the capacity of these alloys as promising materials for sensors and actuators. In the present work, we conduct both experimental examinations and ab initio calculations to seek potential remedies of this critical problem through composition tuning. Results show that, for Group II alloys having modulated martensite at reasonable temperatures, the increase in Ni addition results in an enhanced tendency to the formation of non-modulated (NM) martensite, whereas the proper Mn addition leads to the stabilization of seven-layered modulated (7M) martensite, which serves as the structural ground state of martensite. By correlating the microstructural evolutions with the two-stage phase transformation (i.e. austenite -> 7M martensite -> NM martensite), it is demonstrated that the 7M martensite possesses lower energy barriers in terms of the lattice distortion of parent austenite and the interfacial energy of martensitic variants, which plays a vital role in bridging the austenite to NM martensite transformation. This result is expected to provide useful information for the design of these new functional materials.
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hal-01500818 , version 1 (03-04-2017)



Zongbin Li, Nan Xu, Yudong Zhang, Claude Esling, Jean-Marc Raulot, et al.. Composition-dependent ground state of martensite in Ni-Mn-Ga alloys. Acta Materialia, 2013, 61 (10), pp.3858-3865. ⟨10.1016/j.actamat.2013.03.024⟩. ⟨hal-01500818⟩
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