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Very high speed cutting of Ti-6A1-4V titanium alloy - change in morphology and mechanism of chip formation

Abstract : The chip formation for a Ti-6A1-4V alloy was studied at high cutting speeds combined with large uncut chip thicknesses (0.1-0.25 mm). Orthogonal cutting tests were conducted by using uncoated carbide tools on a specific ballistic set-up with cutting speeds from 300 m/min to 4400 m/min (5-75 m/s). A hypothesis on the mechanism of chip generation is proposed for this speed range validated by highspeed imaging system enabled direct observation of cutting process. A transition, from serrated more or less regular with localized shearing and possible presence of cracking, to discontinuous at very high speed is observed. The inclination of the segment 0, is shown as resulting from the primary shear angle 0 that can be modified by compression between the tool and the uncut part. A maximum value of 60 for g is reached with increasing speed after which it decreases to 45 at very high speed. The cutting speed appears as the most important factor when compared with the uncut chip thickness, in determining the formation of chips by affecting the frequency of segmentation, the shear angles and the crack length. The significant reduction of cutting forces occurring with increases in cutting speed was firstly explained by the conflicting work hardening-thermal softening processes and then depended on whether the deformation phase of the chip segment is occurred.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 5, 2017 - 10:03:49 AM
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Guy Sutter, Gautier List. Very high speed cutting of Ti-6A1-4V titanium alloy - change in morphology and mechanism of chip formation. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Elsevier, 2013, 66, pp.37-43. ⟨10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2012.11.004⟩. ⟨hal-01502117⟩



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