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Crystallographic insights into the intermartensitic transformation in Ni-Mn-Ga alloys

Abstract : Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys such as Ni-Mn-Ga usually undergo intermartensitic transformation upon cooling or heating. Here, an attempt is made to explore the microstructural features and orientation relationships associated with the intermartensitic transformation from seven-layered modulated (7M) martensite to non-modulated (NM) martensite in a polycrystalline Ni53Mn22Ga25 alloy. Based on electron backscatter diffraction analysis, it is demonstrated that the intermartensitic transformation proceeds in an in-plate manner (through atomic reshuffling and lattice distortion) with specific orientation relationships between the two martensitic phases, i.e. (0 0 1)(7M)//(1 1 2)(NM) and [1 0 0](7M)//[1 1 (1) over bar](NM) as well as (0 0 1)(7M)//(1 1 2)(NM) and [(1) over bar 0 0](7M)//[1 1 (1) over bar](NM), accompanied by the thickening of martensite plates and the surface relief effect. Consequently, one 7M variant (plate) evolves into one NM plate consisting of two twin-related fine variants, and four differently oriented 7M variants in one variant group result in a total of eight NM variants.
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Zongbin Li, Bo yang, yudong Zhang, Claude Esling, Naifu Zou, et al.. Crystallographic insights into the intermartensitic transformation in Ni-Mn-Ga alloys. Acta Materialia, Elsevier, 2014, 74, pp.9-17. ⟨10.1016/j.actamat.2014.04.025⟩. ⟨hal-01503458⟩



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