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Microstructure and property of titanium heterogeneous laser welding

Abstract : Dissimilar welding has been investigated for three different couples of titanium alloys: α/α+β, α/β and α+ββp. Plates of 100 x 60 x 1.6 or 1.8 mm were welded with a Yb: YAG laser. Tensile tests show that the properties of the dissimilar welded specimens were generally controlled by Those of the weakest material except for the α+β/β where the ultimate tensile strength was approximately equal to the average value of both materials. In every case, the welding sample elongation was found to be smaller than that of the base metals. The rupture took place away from the bead and was found to be always located in the alloy having the lowest mechanical properties. Nevertheless, a few large-size pores detected by tomography in the α+β/β couple could explain why rupture for these samples occurred in the weld bead. For each couple, the porosities were situated at the board between the heat affected zone and the molten zone. EBSD map and EDX enabled the observation of different microstructures, which could be correlated to the heterogeneous composition and diffusion into the melted bath.
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Laurent Weiss, Mien Zollinger, Pierre Sallamand, Eugen Cicala, Eric Fleury. Microstructure and property of titanium heterogeneous laser welding. Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Titanium, Aug 2015, San Diego, CA, United States. pp.317-321, ⟨10.1002/9781119296126.ch48⟩. ⟨hal-01513483⟩



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