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Influence of Waterborne Gallic and Pelargonic Acid Exposures on Biochemical and Reproductive Parameters in the Zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Abstract : Gallic and pelargonic acids are biologically derived substances receiving a growing interest as eco-friendly biocides with potential applications in freshwater system management. However, some data gaps remain to address their chronic ecotoxicity issue, particularly for fish. This work aimed at investigating the sublethal effects of a long-term waterborne exposure of zebrafish to these compounds. Mature fish were exposed to gallic or pelargonic acid at the concentrations of 0, 0.05, 0.5 and 5 mg/L during one month under semi-static conditions. Fecundity, hatching rate and median hatching time were regularly evaluated. Circulating sex hormone levels (11 ketotestosterone 211 KT, 17 bestradiol -E2-), plasma vitellogenin (Vtg), and gonad histology were monitored in males and females after exposure. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total glutathione peroxydase (GPx) and glutathione-S transferase (GST) activities were assessed as enzymatic biomarkers of exposure in fish liver. Significant increases of GPx activity were reported in females exposed to both type of chemicals regardless the contamination level. Moreover, 5 mg/L gallic acid induced a decrease in 11-KT levels for males. For fish exposed to pelargonic acid, decreases in circulating hormone levels were reported respectively at 0.05 and 5 mg/L for 11-KT in males, and at 0.5 mg/L for E2 in females. However, no histological alteration in gonads neither significant variation in reproductive performances were detected following zebrafish exposure to gallic or pelargonic acid. Additional investigations concerning the mode of application and the environmental fate of these substances may warrant their further use in freshwater systems at concentrations compatible with biocidal/allelochemical effects.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 21, 2017 - 4:34:41 PM
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Didier Techer, Sylvain Milla, Pascal Fontaine, Sandrine Viot, Marielle Thomas. Influence of Waterborne Gallic and Pelargonic Acid Exposures on Biochemical and Reproductive Parameters in the Zebrafish (Danio rerio). Environmental Toxicology, 2017, 32 (1), pp.227-240. ⟨10.1002/tox.22228⟩. ⟨hal-01575773⟩



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