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Aging and foraging efficiency in an orb-web spider

Abstract : Aging is often associated with reduced behavioral performance such as decreased locomotion or food consumption, related to a deterioration in physiological functions. In orb-web spiders, webs are used to capture prey and aging can affect web-building behavior and web structure. Here, we investigated the effect of aging on prey capture in the orb-web spider Zygiella x-notata. The ability of adult females to capture flies was examined at different ages. The rate of prey capture did not change with age, but older spiders took more time to subdue and capture the prey. Alterations which appeared in web structure with age (increase in the number of anomalies affecting radii and capture spiral) affected prey capture behavior. Furthermore, the analysis of individual performance (carried out on 17 spiders at two different ages) showed that older females spent more time handling the prey and finding it in the web. Our results suggest that, in the laboratory, age does not affect prey capture rates but it influences prey capture behavior by affecting web structure or/and spider motor functions.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01576099
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - 12:04:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 5, 2021 - 3:43:19 AM

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Mylène Anotaux, Camille Toscani, Raymond Leborgne, Nicolas Châline, Alain Pasquet. Aging and foraging efficiency in an orb-web spider. Journal of Ethology, Springer Verlag, 2014, 32 (3), pp.155-163. ⟨10.1007/s10164-014-0404-6⟩. ⟨hal-01576099⟩

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