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Validating novel boundary conditions for three-dimensional mechanics-based restoration: An extensional sandbox model example

Abstract : Geomechanical restoration methods are dependent on boundary conditions to ensure geological consistency of the restored model in terms of geometry and strain. Classical restoration boundary conditions, such as attening a datum horizon, may lead to inconsistent displacement and strain elds. We restore a laboratory structural sandbox model with known deformation history in order to develop guidelines for denition of boundary conditions that produce improved results from geomechanical restorations. The sandbox model has a basal silicone layer, includes syn-kinematic deposition, and is characterized by structures analogous to those found in supra-salt extensional environments. The deformed geometry is interpreted from 3D tomography imaging, and a time-series of cross-section tomography images provides a benchmark to quantify restoration error and inform boundary conditions. We conrm that imposing a lateral displacement equal and opposite to far-eld tectonic shortening or extension provides a more accurate restoration. However, the amount of displacement may not be known in real cases. We therefore test several established methods, using only the unrestored geometries, to assess the amount of shortening that should be used to guide geomechanical restorations. An accurate estimation is provided by the area-depth method and potentially by a dilatation analysis. Additionally, novel fault compliance boundary conditions produce improved results in the vicinity of crossing and branching faults. Application of similar methods should produce improved restoration of natural geologic structures.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 21, 2018 - 9:23:24 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 9:14:42 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, May 22, 2018 - 12:34:36 PM

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Benjamin Chauvin, Peter Lovely, Joseph Stockmeyer, Andreas Plesch, Guillaume Caumon, et al.. Validating novel boundary conditions for three-dimensional mechanics-based restoration: An extensional sandbox model example. AAPG Bulletin, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 2018, 102 (02), pp.245 - 266. ⟨10.1306/0504171620817154⟩. ⟨hal-01708097⟩

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