Intérêt des ateliers d'écriture dans la prise en charge orthophonique de groupe des adultes qui bégaient

Abstract : Stuttering is a communication fluency disorder characterized by anomalies in speech, in terms of blocking and repetitions of sounds. For an adult, those symptoms come with communication deviances and poor self-esteem that help building what we call the « stutterer's state of being ». It can be detrimental to their health and social inclusion. The goal of this qualitative study is to offer a new therapeutic approach based on the concept of writing workshops, where the adults who stutter will be able to master a way of expressing themselves that hasn't been much explored for those people. We speculated that the possibility to express themselves through writing about stuttering, and to share what's been written, would have a positive impact on speech fluency, communication skills and self-esteem. We set up a writing workshop for a group of three adults, during three months and six sessions. Writing subjects gave them the opportunity to express themselves about stuttering, and beyond it, about their speech, self-image and relationships toward the world and toward others. The workshops and the activities were the object of a self-report questionnaire and an analysis of the sessions on film.All the subjects described a positive experience. On different levels for every one of them, the workshops enabled a decrease of avoidance behaviours as well as an improvement in eye contact, relationships to others in a situation of communication, acceptance of stuttering, self-esteem and self-confidence. However, no perceptible improvement in speech fluency could be linked to the taking part in the workshops. Eventually, we were able to state the relevance of setting up such writing workshops as part of a speech therapy for adults who stutter.
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Master thesis
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/public/BUMED_MORT_2015_BOURNE_MAISON_ALEXIA.pdf
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Alexia Bourne-Maison. Intérêt des ateliers d'écriture dans la prise en charge orthophonique de groupe des adultes qui bégaient. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2015. ⟨hal-01827285⟩

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