Vulnérabilité et adaptation des petits maraîchers : zone périurbaine de Buenos Aires, Argentine

Abstract : In rural urban interface in Buenos Aires, small market gardening is exposed to unstable sector environment and coexists with other agriculture model as the agribusiness agriculture. So small market gardening is threatened but small farmers persist. We propose to study small farmer's vulnerability in this unstable environment. Our theoretical background defines vulnerability as a function of three dimensions (exposure, sensitivities and adaptive capacities); we analyse small farmers' exposure and sensitivity when realizing production activities and his capacity to face threats. We have a comprehensive position when interviewing farmers. We have studied 8 farmers with different characteristics we suppose affect in different way vulnerability. Life trajectories analysis show heterogeneous vulnerability profile among sample. Some farmers are more vulnerable than others: Bolivian immigrants because they are tenant. Argentine farmers are proprietary and have better habitat. Decisive exposure factors for vulnerability are immigrant illegality, commercialisation with intermediaries, poor habitat, work hardness, labour deficiency, weak support of public institutions and instability of land tenancy. Besides difficult situations, farmers can take action and have an adaptation capacity in order to reduce their sensitivity. A chance of realizing a PhD will allow us a better understanding of all processes of adaptation and vulnerability in order to think about more relevant policies to improve small farmers' capacities.
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Master thesis
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Claire Faure. Vulnérabilité et adaptation des petits maraîchers : zone périurbaine de Buenos Aires, Argentine. Sciences de l'environnement. 2013. ⟨hal-01862584⟩

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