High-Temperature SAW Resonator Sensors: Electrode Design Specifics

Abstract : — Surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors are steadily paving the way to wider application areas. Their main benefit consisting in the possibility of wireless interrogation with the radio frequency interrogation signal being the only energy source for the reradiated signal. This feature is getting more and more attractive with the growing demand in monitoring multiple industrial objects difficult to access by wired sensors in harsh environments. Among such wider applications, the possibility of making measurements of temperature, deformation, vibrations, and some other parameters at temperatures in the range of 300 °C–1000 °C look quite promising. This paper concentrates on specific features of the SAW resonator-based sensors operation at this temperature range. High-temperature influences the material choice and thus the properties of SAW resonators design peculiarities intended for use at high temperature. It is suggested that preferable designs should use synchronous resonators with relatively thick electrodes (10% of wavelength) based on Ir or Pt alloys while benefiting from the possibilities of specific designs that could reduce the negative impact of thick electrodes on the manufacturing in quantity. This solution benefits from lower resonance frequency scatter because of the automatic compensation of SAW velocity decrease due to electrode metallization ratio increase. This compensation originates from the resonance frequency increase that is related to the decrease of the Bragg bandwidth defined by the reflection. It is shown in modeling examples that the value of metallization ratio at which this compensation occurs is close to 65%–70%. Index Terms— High-temperature sensor, Ir electrodes, metallization ratio, resonator, surface acoustic wave (SAW), ultrasonic transducers.
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Sergei Zhgoon, Alexander Shvetsov, Sergei Sakharov, Omar Elmazria. High-Temperature SAW Resonator Sensors: Electrode Design Specifics. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 65 (4), pp.657 - 664. ⟨10.1109/TUFFC.2018.2797093⟩. ⟨hal-01868419⟩

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