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Journal Articles Mathematical Geosciences Year : 2019

Structural interpretation of sparse fault data using graph theory and geological rules Fault data interpretation

Gabriel Godefroy
Gautier Laurent
François Bonneau

Abstract

Structural uncertainties arise partly from the association of sparse fault interpretations made from 2D seismic lines or limited outcrop observations. We propose a graph formalism to describe the problem of associating spatial fault evidence. A combinatorial analysis shows that the number of association scenarios is related to the Bell number and increases exponentially. This makes the complete exploration of the uncertainties computationally highly challenging. We formulate prior geological knowledge as numerical rules to reduce the number of scenarios and to make structural interpretation more re-peatable and objective. We use the Bron-Kerbosch graph algorithm to detect the major possible structures. This framework opens the way to a numerically assisted exploration of uncertainties during structural interpretation.
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hal-01879697 , version 1 (24-09-2018)

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Gabriel Godefroy, Guillaume Caumon, Gautier Laurent, François Bonneau. Structural interpretation of sparse fault data using graph theory and geological rules Fault data interpretation. Mathematical Geosciences, 2019, 51 (8), pp.1091-1107. ⟨10.1007/s11004-019-09800-0⟩. ⟨hal-01879697⟩
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