Interaction between biofilm growth and NAPL remediation: A pore-scale study

Abstract : In this paper, we introduce a pore-scale model to study the interaction between biofilm growth and non-aqueous-phase-liquid (NAPL) dissolution. Liquid flow and dissolved NAPL transport are coupled with a biofilm growth model to correctly describe the complex dynamics of the processes including fluid flow, NAPL dissolution/biodegradation and biofilm growth. Fluid flow is simulated using an immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann (IB-LB) model; while solute transport is solved by a cut-cell finite volume method (FVM). A uniform dissolution approach is also adopted to capture the temporal evolution of trapped blobs. Spatio-temporal distributions of the biomass are investigated using a cellular automaton algorithm combined with the immersed boundary method (IBM). Simulations focused on NAPL dissolution in both abiotic and biotic conditions are conducted to assess the capability of the model. In abiotic conditions, we analyze the effects of the hydrodynamic regimes and the spatial distribution of NAPL blobs on the dissolution rate under different assumptions (i.e., blob size and Péclet number). In biotic conditions, a series of impact factors are also investigated (i.e., spatial distribution, reaction kinetics and NAPL-induced toxicity). Finally, the current model is used to evaluate the pore scale relevance of a local equilibrium assumption between fluid phase and biofilm phase in the vicinity of the NAPL source.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02007310
Contributor : Fabrice Golfier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2019 - 4:03:50 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:21:43 PM
Long-term archiving on: Tuesday, May 14, 2019 - 6:25:27 PM

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M. Benioug, Fabrice Golfier, P. Fischer, C. Oltean, M. Buès, et al.. Interaction between biofilm growth and NAPL remediation: A pore-scale study. Advances in Water Resources, Elsevier, 2019, 125, pp.82-97. ⟨10.1016/j.advwatres.2019.01.011⟩. ⟨hal-02007310⟩

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