Les habiletés conversationnelles chez les personnes atteintes d’un syndrome d’Asperger : intérêt d’un guide d’apprentissage à l’initiation de l’échange

Abstract : Disorders of pragmatic, including weathering conversational skills are part of the clinical picture of Asperger’s syndrome. In a society where conversation is the main point of all activity, not knowing talk can be a handicap in everyday life. The objective of this dissertation therefore is to create a learning tool that can be used in everyday life, allowing people with Asperger’s syndrome learn to converse in order to promote better integration into society. To build our tool, we started from three hypothesis: people with Asperger’s syndrome have disorder of conversational skills, to learn something, they need concrete support and to do exercises and as they are visuals thinkers, they need images to promote their learning. After assessing the difficulties in conversational skills that showed people with Asperger’s syndrome, through a conversation, we developed a guide to help them to learn to hire an exchange. The work around our guide was conducted with three adolescents and adults with Asperger’s syndrome. After this work, we evaluated again the three patients through a spontaneous conversation and we found an improvement to start the conversation and introduce new themes in these three patients, compared with the initial assessment. Our guide seems to have been effective and useful to learn how to start an exchange. It allowed us to verify our initial hypothesis. However, the results can not be generalized because of the small number of participants. This guide could therefore be subject to some changes and then be tested on a larger population.
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Master thesis
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Amélie Tahay. Les habiletés conversationnelles chez les personnes atteintes d’un syndrome d’Asperger : intérêt d’un guide d’apprentissage à l’initiation de l’échange. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2015. ⟨hal-02111164⟩

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