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Effect of ultrasonication and dispersion stability on the cluster size of alumina nanoscale particles in aqueous solutions

Abstract : This study deals with the deagglomeration of nanoparticles in low concentration suspensions in water, protic polar solvent for polymers such as poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The influence of the main parameters of ultrasonication such as time, power and irradiation modes (continuous, pulsed) on the cluster size of aluminium oxide nanoparticles 1 mg/ml in aqueous solutions was investigated. Power-law dependence of size reduction on ultrasonic time was observed. The study indicated an optimum power input, i.e. at higher vibration amplitude the break up of nanoparticle clusters was no better and there was a risk of reagglomeration occurring during a long ultrasonication. Under optimal conditions, continuous and pulsed irradiations showed almost the same efficiency of deagglomeration over a given time. This result provides alternative operating conditions for attaining the smallest size of the alumina aggregates in suspension. The influence of stabilization on the cluster size was also studied. Alumina nanoparticles were stabilized by electrostatic forces against reagglomeration without the need for dispersants, and the enhancement of dispersion stability using electrostatic, steric effects had no significant effect on the aggregate size. On the contrary, the adsorption of high molecular weight polyelectrolytes onto the particle surface could lead to reagglomeration due to material bridges between particle surfaces and even flocculation.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02277396
Contributor : Didier Rouxel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 3, 2019 - 3:24:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 2:37:56 AM

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van Son Nguyen, Didier Rouxel, Rachid Hadji, Brice Vincent, Yves Fort. Effect of ultrasonication and dispersion stability on the cluster size of alumina nanoscale particles in aqueous solutions. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, Elsevier, 2011, 18 (1), pp.382-388. ⟨10.1016/j.ultsonch.2010.07.003⟩. ⟨hal-02277396⟩

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