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Identification of specific tumor markers in vulvar carcinoma through extensive human papillomavirus DNA characterization using next generation sequencing method

Abstract : Objectives: A subset of vulvar carcinomas (VC) are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA. This trait can be used to identify tumor markers for patient's follow-up. A large diversity of HPV prevalence in VC has been reported, but no data are available concerning the insertional HPV status in this tumor type. Therefore, we have used an innovative next generation sequencing (NGS)-based CaptHPV method able to provide an extensive characterization of HPV DNA in tumors. Material and Methods: Tumor tissue specimens from 55 patients with VC were analyzed using p16 immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, polymerase chain reaction, and CaptHPV-NGS assays. Results: Our analyses showed that 8 (14.5%) of 55 cases were associated with HPV 16 DNA. No other HPV genotypes were identified. The HPV genome was in a free episomal state only in one case and both episomal and integrated into the tumor cell genome in 7. There was a single insertion in 5 cases and multiple sites, scattered at different chromosomal loci in two. ISH data suggest that some of these might reflect tumor heterogeneity. Viral integration targeted cellular genes among which were TP63, CCDC148, LOC100133091, PKP1, and POLA2. Viral integration at the PKP1 locus was associated with partial gene deletion, and no PKP1 protein was detected in tumor tissue. Conclusions: Using the NGS-based innovative capture-HPV approach, we established a cartography of HPV 16 DNA in 8 VC cases and identified novel genes targeted by integration that may be used as specific tumor markers. In addition, we established a rationale strategy for optimal characterization of HPV status in VC.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02425858
Contributor : Alexandre Harlé <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 31, 2019 - 3:26:57 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 15, 2020 - 10:06:05 AM

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Jacques Thomas, Léa Leufflen, Virginie Chesnais, Ségolène Diry, Jessica Demange, et al.. Identification of specific tumor markers in vulvar carcinoma through extensive human papillomavirus DNA characterization using next generation sequencing method. Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, Wiley-Blackwell: No OnlineOpen, 2020, 24 (1), pp.53-60. ⟨10.1097/LGT.0000000000000498⟩. ⟨hal-02425858⟩

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