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Predicting pillar burst by an explicit modelling of kinetic energy

Abstract : Violent pillar failures known as pillar bursts are suspected to be a possible cause of large collapses in underground mines. A classical stability criterion for mine pillars, based on the relative stiffness of the host rock and the pillars during their post-peak unloading, was proposed by Starfield & Fairhurst (1968) 6 and further demonstrated by Salamon (1970) 7. An energy balance indicates that an excess kinetic energy is generated when this pillar stability criterion is violated. The present study focuses on demonstrating how an explicit numerical modelling method may be used to calculate and locate the damping of this kinetic energy during pillar failure, considering simple 2D geometries. Arguments in favour of the validation of the numerical results are provided by comparison to analytical calculations and to an empirical classification of rockbursts proposed by Ortlepp (1997) 1. The good correlation between numerical, analytical and empirical approaches suggest that explicit numerical modelling of kinetic energy damping, following a procedure proposed in this paper, could be a useful tool for predicting zones submitted to a pillar burst hazard in underground mines and for consequently optimizing the mining method.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 28, 2020 - 10:48:15 AM
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Thomas Hauquin, yann Gunzburger, Olivier Deck. Predicting pillar burst by an explicit modelling of kinetic energy. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Pergamon and Elsevier, 2018, 107, pp.159-171. ⟨10.1016/j.ijrmms.2018.05.004⟩. ⟨hal-02457520⟩



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