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Physicochemical Stability of Vancomycin at High Concentrations in Polypropylene Syringes.

Abstract : Background: In severe infections, high-concentration vancomycin may be administered by continuous infusion. The dosage of vancomycin may reach 60 mg/kg per day. Objectives: To study the feasibility of preparing high-concentration vancomycin solutions (40 to 83.3 mg/mL), to study the effect of an electric syringe pump on the physical stability of high-concentration vancomycin, and to study the stability of vancomycin 62.5 and 83.3 mg/mL in 0.9% sodium chloride (0.9% NaCl) or 5% dextrose in water (D5W) with storage up to 48 h at room temperature. Methods: The following sets of syringes were prepared: (1) 4 syringes of vancomycin in 0.9% NaCl for each of 5 concentrations between 40 and 83.3 mg/mL (total 20 syringes); (2) 6 syringes at 83.3 mg/mL in 0.9% NaCl and 6 syringes at 83.3 mg/mL in D5W; and (3) 30 syringes at 83.3 mg/mL in D5W. Visual inspection was performed for all 3 syringe sets, and subvisual inspection for sets 1 and 2 (for periods of 24 h for set 1 and 48 h for sets 2 and 3). One syringe of vancomycin 83.3 mg/mL with each solvent was inserted into an electric syringe pump, and samples from the infusion line and collected after transit through the pump were inspected visually. Chemical stability was evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography, and physical stability, pH, and osmolality were investigated. Results: For all sets of syringes, no physical modification was observed over time, nor were any changes observed after transit through the electric syringe pump. In 0.9% NaCl, vancomycin 62.5 and 83.3 mg/mL retained more than 90% of the initial concentration after 48 and 24 h, respectively; however, for the 83.3 mg/mL solution, precipitate was visible after 48 h. In D5W, vancomycin at 62.5 and 83.3 mg/mL retained more than 90% of the initial concentration after 48 h. Conclusion: It was feasible to prepare high-concentration solutions of vancomycin. The electric syringe pump did not cause any precipitation. Vancomycin in D5W at 62.5 and 83.3 mg/mL was stable over 48 h at room temperature. Precipitation occurred in 0.9% NaCl. D5W is therefore recommended as the solvent for this drug.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 26, 2020 - 4:32:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:11:10 AM

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Elise d'Huart, Jean Vigneron, Alexandre Charmillon, Igor Clarot, Béatrice Demoré. Physicochemical Stability of Vancomycin at High Concentrations in Polypropylene Syringes.. The Canadian journal of hospital pharmacy, 1970, 72 (5), pp.360-368. ⟨hal-02922953⟩

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