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Synergistic effects of prenatal nicotine exposure and post‐weaning high‐fat diet on hypercholesterolaemia in rat offspring of different sexes

Abstract : Hypercholesterolaemia is considered a disease with intrauterine origin. Recently, we reported that prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) induced an abnormal level of total cholesterol in rat offspring before and after birth. However, there were little data about sex differences in serum cholesterol level in PNE offspring. In addition, many previous studies reported that blood cholesterol is associated with daily diet. This study was designed to analyse the interaction among PNE, high-fat diet (HFD) and sex on cholesterol metabolism in the rat. Pregnant Wistar rats were administered 2 mg/kg nicotine subcutaneously from gestational day (GD) 11 until parturition. After weaning, pups were fed with normal diet or HFD till 24 weeks, and then, serum cholesterol phenotypes and hepatic cholesterol metabolism-related genes were tested. Results showed that PNE manifested a distinct programming effect on cholesterol phenotype and cholesterol metabolism-related genes. HFD aggregated PNE-induced hypercholesterolaemia in adult offspring and exacerbated liver cholesterol metabolism dysfunction in PNE offspring. There was no sex difference in serum cholesterol level, but there were interactions among PNE, HFD and sex on cholesterol metabolic genes in adult offspring, which indicates that cholesterol metabolism in female offspring is more likely to be affected by PNE and HFD. In conclusion, HFD exacerbated PNE-induced hypercholesterolaemia, and sex differences existed in liver cholesterol metabolic genes in PNE- or HFD-treated offspring.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02970047
Contributor : Céline Huselstein Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, October 17, 2020 - 12:16:45 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 11:05:51 AM

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Chunyan Zhu, Yu Guo, Hanwen Luo, Yimeng Wu, Jacques Magdalou, et al.. Synergistic effects of prenatal nicotine exposure and post‐weaning high‐fat diet on hypercholesterolaemia in rat offspring of different sexes. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, 2019, 124 (6), pp.730-740. ⟨10.1111/bcpt.13187⟩. ⟨hal-02970047⟩

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