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Journal Articles Nano Letters Year : 2020

Engineering Single-Shot All-Optical Switching of Ferromagnetic Materials

Quentin Remy
Grégory Malinowski
Michel Hehn
Jon Gorchon
Julius Hohlfeld
Shunsuke Fukami
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Stéphane Mangin

Abstract

Since it was recently demonstrated in a spin-valve structure, magnetization reversal of a ferromagnetic layer using a single ultrashort optical pulse has attracted attention for future ultrafast and energy-efficient magnetic storage or memory devices. However, the mechanism and the role of the magnetic properties of the ferromagnet as well as the time scale of the magnetization switching are not understood. Here, we investigate single-shot all-optical magnetization switching in a GdFeCo/Cu/[Co x Ni 1−x /Pt] spinvalve structure. We demonstrate that the threshold fluence for switching both the GdFeCo and the ferromagnetic layer depends on the laser pulse duration and the thickness and the Curie temperature of the ferromagnetic layer. We are able to explain most of the experimental results using a phenomenological model. This work provides a way to engineer ferromagnetic materials for energy efficient single-shot all-optical magnetization switching.
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Dates and versions

hal-03030501 , version 1 (01-12-2020)

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Junta Igarashi, Quentin Remy, Satoshi Iihama, Grégory Malinowski, Michel Hehn, et al.. Engineering Single-Shot All-Optical Switching of Ferromagnetic Materials. Nano Letters, 2020, ⟨10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c03373⟩. ⟨hal-03030501⟩
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