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Impacts of Mechanical Stiffness of Bacteriophage-Loaded Hydrogels on Their Antibacterial Activity

Abstract : The elaboration of efficient hydrogel-based materials with antimicrobial properties requires a refined control of defining their physicochemical features, which includes mechanical stiffness, so as to properly mediate their antibacterial activity. In this work, we design hydrogels consisting of polyelectrolyte multilayer films for the loading of T4 and φX174 bacteria-killing viruses, also called bacteriophages. We investigate the antiadhesion and bactericidal performances of this biomaterial against Escherichia coli, with a specific focus on the effects of chemical cross-linking of the hydrogel matrix, which, in turn, mediates the hydrogel stiffness. Depending on the latter and on phage replication features, it is found that the hydrogels loaded with the bacteria-killing viruses make both contact killing (targeted bacteria are those adhered at the hydrogel surface) and release killing (planktonic bacteria are the targets) possible with ca. 20–80% efficiency after only 4 h of incubation at 25 °C as compared to cases where hydrogels are free of viruses. We further demonstrate the lack of dependence of virus diffusion within the hydrogel and of the maximal viral storage capacity on the hydrogel mechanical properties. In addition to the evidenced bacteriolytic activity of the phages loaded in the hydrogels, the antimicrobial property of the phage-loaded materials is shown to be partly controlled by the chemistry of the hydrogel skeleton and, more specifically, by the mobility of the peripheral free polycationic components, known for their ability to weaken and permeabilize membranes of bacteria, the latter then becoming “easier” targets for the viruses
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Contributor : GREGORY FRANCIUS Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - 1:04:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 4:39:14 AM


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Gregory Francius, Manon Cervulle, Eloïse Clément, Xavier Bellanger, Saeid Ekrami, et al.. Impacts of Mechanical Stiffness of Bacteriophage-Loaded Hydrogels on Their Antibacterial Activity. ACS Applied Bio Materials, 2021, 4 (3), pp.2614-2627. ⟨10.1021/acsabm.0c01595⟩. ⟨hal-03150724v2⟩



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