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Surface Properties of Parabacteroides distasonis and Impacts of Stress-Induced Molecules on Its Surface Adhesion and Biofilm Formation Capacities

Abstract : The gut microbiota is a complex and dynamic ecosystem whose balance and homeostasis are essential to the host’s well-being and whose composition can be critically affected by various factors, including host stress. Parabacteroides distasonis causes well-known beneficial roles for its host, but is negatively impacted by stress. However, the mechanisms explaining its maintenance in the gut have not yet been explored, in particular its capacities to adhere onto (bio)surfaces, form biofilms and the way its physicochemical surface properties are affected by stressing conditions. In this paper, we reported adhesion and biofilm formation capacities of 14 unrelated strains of P. distasonis using a steam-based washing procedure, and the electrokinetic features of its surface. Results evidenced an important inter-strain variability for all experiments including the response to stress hormones. In fact, stress-induced molecules significantly impact P. distasonis adhesion and biofilm formation capacities in 35% and 23% of assays, respectively. This study not only provides basic data on the adhesion and biofilm formation capacities of P. distasonis to abiotic substrates but also paves the way for further research on how stress-molecules could be implicated in P. distasonis maintenance within the gut microbiota, which is a prerequisite for designing efficient solutions to optimize its survival within gut environment.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03358958
Contributor : Jerome Duval Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 29, 2021 - 5:14:23 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, August 6, 2022 - 3:17:32 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 30, 2021 - 7:50:37 PM

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Jordan Chamarande, Lisiane Cunat, Céline Caillet, Laurence Mathieu, Jerome F. L. Duval, et al.. Surface Properties of Parabacteroides distasonis and Impacts of Stress-Induced Molecules on Its Surface Adhesion and Biofilm Formation Capacities. Microorganisms, MDPI, 2021, 9 (8), pp.1602. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms9081602⟩. ⟨hal-03358958⟩

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