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Journal Articles Materials Proceedings Year : 2021

The Future of Scandium Recovery from Wastes

Olga Chernoburova
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Alexandre Chagnes


With growing demand for renewable and clean energy technologies, the need in rare earth metals is increasing. Scandium, which is often considered a rare earth element (REE), is a critical metal mainly used in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and high strength aluminum alloys used in aerospace and 3D printing applications. Furthermore, scandium supply is limited due to its scarcity and the high cost of its production in Asia and Russia while Europe has no production of scandium. Therefore, scandium extraction from alternative resources such as secondary resources located in Europe is of great concern. Within this context, this work provides a condensed state-of-art review of the issue of scandium recovery from industrial wastes. Priority was given to addressing the technological and economic challenges associated with the recovery of scandium from the said residues, with particular emphasis on the bauxite residue from alumina production, which represents nearly 5 million tons on dry basis per year in Europe.


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hal-03465544 , version 1 (03-12-2021)





Olga Chernoburova, Alexandre Chagnes. The Future of Scandium Recovery from Wastes. Materials Proceedings, 2021, 5 (1), pp.55. ⟨10.3390/materproc2021005055⟩. ⟨hal-03465544⟩
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