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Protocol for the pBDG2 Study: Prospective Evaluation of 1.3-β-D-Glucan in the Peritoneal Fluid for the Diagnosis of Intra-Abdominal Candidiasis in Critically Ill Patients

Abstract : Background: The delayed diagnosis of the presence of Candida in severe intra-abdominal infections exposes patients to an increased risk of mortality. The prevalence of intra-abdominal candidiasis (IAC) varies with the type of intra-abdominal infection, the underlying conditions and the presence of risk factors for Candida infection. This study aims to evaluate the interest of the measure of 1.3-β-D-glucan (BDG) in the peritoneal fluid for the early diagnosis of IAC. Methods and analysis: This is a prospective multicenter (n = 5) non-interventional study, focusing on all critically ill patients with an intra-abdominal infection requiring intra-abdominal surgery. The primary objective is to assess the diagnostic performance of the BDG measured in the peritoneal fluid for the early detection of IAC using the Candida culture as the gold standard. The secondary objective is to report the prevalence of IAC in the selected population. This study aims to enroll 200 patients within 48 months. By estimating the prevalence of IAC in the selected population at 30%, 50 patients with IAC (cases) are expected. These 50 IAC cases will be matched with 50 non-IAC patients (as a control group). The peritoneal BDG will be measured a posteriori in all of these 100 selected patients. This article presents the protocol and the current status of the study. Only the prevalence of IAC is reported as preliminary result.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03542932
Contributor : Emmanuel Novy Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - 4:27:56 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 5, 2022 - 3:14:39 AM

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Emmanuel Novy, François-Xavier Laithier, Jeremie Riviere, Thomas Remen, Marie-Reine Losser, et al.. Protocol for the pBDG2 Study: Prospective Evaluation of 1.3-β-D-Glucan in the Peritoneal Fluid for the Diagnosis of Intra-Abdominal Candidiasis in Critically Ill Patients. Microbiology Research, MDPI, 2021, 12 (1), pp.196-203. ⟨10.3390/microbiolres12010015⟩. ⟨hal-03542932⟩

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