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Le droit de résistance à l'oppression face à un régime tyrannique et l'intervention d'Etats tiers

Abstract : Under the aegis of classical international law, the intervention by a foreign power to help people oppressed by a brutal leader was authorized. It was even strongly supported by doctrine. Positive international law does not allow the intervention of third states to help opponents fighting against the violence of the governing authorities directed against a section of population. The principle of non-intervention can nonetheless be overridden when violent repression is made in an excessive form such as genocide. The exercise of responsibility to protect therefore enables States in the international community to intervene on UN authorization to provide help to a section of a Nation oppressed by the tyrant. This collective intervention even went so far as to overthrow the current government. The recourse to chemical arms by the brutal authorities, whilst lacking solidity and rather corresponding to legitimacy, has even been invoked as an autonomous ground justifying armed intervention, States asserting that the targeted strikes against the dictator are aimed to uphold the rules forbidding their use. In that extent, positive international law could reconnect with the classical one.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 17, 2022 - 3:05:22 PM
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Mélanie Dubuy. Le droit de résistance à l'oppression face à un régime tyrannique et l'intervention d'Etats tiers. L'Observateur des Nations Unies, Association française pour les Nations Unies, 2019, "Les enjeux de la qualification des mouvements contestataires", actes du colloque du 28 février 2019, 47 (2019/2), pp.177-196. ⟨hal-03556989⟩

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