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Journal Articles International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Year : 2017

Rice straw-based activated carbons doped with SiC for enhanced hydrogen adsorption

Abstract

Activated carbons (ACs) based on rice straw (RS) were synthesised using potassium carbonate as activating agent at three different K 2 CO 3 /RS weight ratios. Morphological, chemical, structural as well as textural characterisations were carried out in order to establish relationships between the physicochemical properties of the materials and their hydrogen adsorption capacities. The ACs contained potassium and silicon as the main impurities. Si was identified by XRD in both phases of silicon dioxide and silicon carbide. The presence of SiC was particularly surprising due to the rather low activation temperature, much lower than what is usually required for SiC synthesis. ACs exhibited well-developed surface areas (approximatively 2000-2100 m 2 g-1) and high micropore volumes, making them suitable for hydrogen storage applications. RS-based ACs showed higher hydrogen storage capacities than those previously obtained with KOH-activated sucrose. The latter exhibited hydrogen uptakes (excess, 10 MPa, 298 K) up to 0.55 wt. %, whereas 0.65 wt. % was measured for RSbased ACs in the same conditions. The higher hydrogen capacities and isosteric heats of adsorption found here were attributed to the presence of SiC.
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Dates and versions

hal-03562766 , version 1 (09-02-2022)

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S. Schaefer, G. Muñiz, M.T. T Izquierdo, S. Mathieu, M.L. L Ballinas-Casarrubias, et al.. Rice straw-based activated carbons doped with SiC for enhanced hydrogen adsorption. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017, 42 (16), pp.11534-11540. ⟨10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.02.043⟩. ⟨hal-03562766⟩
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