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Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

Response of Poplar and Associated Fungal Endophytic Communities to a PAH Contamination Gradient

Abstract

Microbial populations associated to poplar are well described in non-contaminated and metal-contaminated environments but more poorly in the context of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination. This study aimed to understand how a gradient of phenanthrene (PHE) contamination affects poplar growth and the fungal microbiome in both soil and plant endosphere (roots, stems and leaves). Plant growth and fitness parameters indicated that the growth of Populus canadensis was impaired when PHE concentration increased above 400 mg kg−1. Values of alpha-diversity indicators of fungal diversity and richness were not affected by the PHE gradient. The PHE contamination had a stronger impact on the fungal community composition in the soil and root compartments compared to that of the aboveground organs. Most of the indicator species whose relative abundance was correlated with PHE contamination decreased along the gradient indicating a toxic effect of PHE on these fungal OTUs (Operational Taxonomic Units). However, the relative abundance of some OTUs such as Cadophora, Alternaria and Aspergillus, potentially linked to PHE degradation or being plant-beneficial taxa, increased along the gradient. Finally, this study allowed a deeper understanding of the dual response of plant and fungal communities in the case of a soil PAH contamination gradient leading to new perspectives on fungal assisted phytoremediation.
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hal-03805154 , version 1 (07-10-2022)

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Lilian Gréau, Damien Blaudez, Dimitri Heintz, Julie Zumsteg, David Billet, et al.. Response of Poplar and Associated Fungal Endophytic Communities to a PAH Contamination Gradient. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (11), pp.5909. ⟨10.3390/ijms23115909⟩. ⟨hal-03805154⟩
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