Metabolic Syndrome and the Risk of Preclinical Heart Failure: Insights after 17 Years of Follow-Up from the STANISLAS Cohort - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Cardiology Year : 2022

Metabolic Syndrome and the Risk of Preclinical Heart Failure: Insights after 17 Years of Follow-Up from the STANISLAS Cohort

Abstract

Background: We used data from people initially free of clinical cardiovascular disease to evaluate the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and incident preclinical heart failure (pHF). Methods and results: STANISLAS was a familial, single-center, longitudinal prospective cohort study composed of 1,006 families from Nancy, France (median follow-up, 17 years [1993-2016]). Age- and sex-adjusted logistic regression and inverse probability weighting models were used to evaluate the association between MS and pHF, which was defined by diastolic dysfunction, atrial enlargement, ventricular hypertrophy, or elevated natriuretic peptides. Among 944 people who were adults at the first and final visit, those with baseline MS were more likely to be older (63 vs. 61 vs. 59 years of age) and male (73% vs. 55% vs. 45%) compared to people who developed incident MS and people who had no baseline MS, respectively. Furthermore, compared to people without baseline MS, the risk of pHF was numerically larger among people with baseline MS (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.27, 95% CI: 1.07-4.81) and people who developed incident MS (aOR 1.56, 95% CI: 1.00-2.43). Concerning the metabolic determinants of MS, the risk of pHF was most elevated in people with baseline hypertension (aOR 3.19, 95% CI: 1.80-5.63) and elevated waist circumference (aOR 2.59, 95% CI: 1.47-4.57). Conclusion: Overall, HF is an important public health concern given the high risk of mortality when patients with MS or elevated fasting glucose become established with the disease. Early aggressive lifestyle modification and medical intervention among patients free of cardiovascular disease with an obese-hypertensive phenotype may be warranted to prevent HF development.
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hal-03866377 , version 1 (22-11-2022)

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Abhinav Sharma, Amir Razaghizad, João Pedro Ferreira, Jean-Loup Machu, Erwan Bozec, et al.. Metabolic Syndrome and the Risk of Preclinical Heart Failure: Insights after 17 Years of Follow-Up from the STANISLAS Cohort. Cardiology, 2022, 147 (3), pp.281-287. ⟨10.1159/000523717⟩. ⟨hal-03866377⟩
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