Assessing the effects of silver nanoparticles on the ecophysiology of Gammarus roeseli - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Aquatic Toxicology Year : 2023

Assessing the effects of silver nanoparticles on the ecophysiology of Gammarus roeseli

Abstract

Being part of the macrobenthic fauna, gammarids are efficient indicators of contamination of aquatic ecosystems by nanoparticles that are likely to sediment on the bottom. The present study investigates the effects of silver nanoparticles (nAg) on ecophysiological functions in Gammarus roeseli by using a realistic scenario of contamination. Indeed, an experiment was conducted during 72 h, assessing the effects of 5 silver nAg from 10 to 100 nm diluted at concentrations of maximum 5 µg L − 1 in a natural water retrieved from a stream and supplemented with food. The measured endpoints in gammarids were survival, silver concentrations in tissues, consumption of oxygen and ventilation of gills. Additionally, a set of biomarkers of the energetic metabolism was measured. After a 72-h exposure, results showed a concentration-dependent increase of silver levels in G. roeseli that was significant for the smallest nAg size (10 nm). Ecophysiological responses in G. roeseli were affected and the most striking effect was a concentration-dependent increase in oxygen consumption especially for the smallest nAg (10 to 40 nm), whereas ventilation of gills by gammarids was not changed. The potential mechanisms underlying these findings are discussed. Thus, we demonstrated the very low exposure concentration of 0.5 µg L − 1 for the small nAg size led to significant ecophysiological effects reinforcing the need to further investigate subtle effects on nanoparticles on aquatic organisms.
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hal-04034863 , version 1 (17-03-2023)

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Jennifer Andreï, François Guérold, Jonathan Bouquerel, Simon Devin, Kahina Mehennaoui, et al.. Assessing the effects of silver nanoparticles on the ecophysiology of Gammarus roeseli. Aquatic Toxicology, 2023, 256, ⟨10.1016/j.aquatox.2023.106421⟩. ⟨hal-04034863⟩
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