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Instabilité posturale au stade précoce de la scoliose idiopathique de l'adolescente

Abstract : Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is related to disorders of postural control with potential involvement of vestibular, proprioceptive and visual inputs. So far no assessment of postural control has been done in an AIS population at the onset of spine deformation. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the amplitude of spine deformation in AIS is an important factor for postural control at disease onset. This cross-sectional study included 65 female patients with AIS (mean age: 11.4 ± 2.3 years), which were clinically and radiologically (Cobb angle) assessed at the time of diagnosis and evaluated in posturography, including static tests ? with and without sensory conflict ? and dynamic tests. Two groups were formed according to the mean Cobb angle of the primary curve. The mean Cobb angle was 14.8 ± 5.1°; 35 patients were included in group I with a Cobb angle of 5 to 14°, and 30 patients into group II with a Cobb angle of 15 to 25°. The latter group displayed higher body sways in static tests, characterized by a larger area covered by center of foot pressure in both eyes open and eyes closed conditions, and by higher lateral oscillations in only the eyes closed condition. Group II patients displayed poorer balance control, mainly in visual and somatosensory conflict conditions. Group II patients used fewer anticipatory strategies to stabilize body oscillations than Group I patients, especially in the more challenging sensory conflict and dynamic situations. In conclusion, poorer postural performance, especially in sensory conflict situations observed in patients with a Cobb angle greater or equal to 15° reflects less effective central information processing
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Thierry Haumont. Instabilité posturale au stade précoce de la scoliose idiopathique de l'adolescente. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN10137⟩. ⟨tel-01746158⟩

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