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Observation et commande des systèmes linéaires dans les domaines temporel et fréquentiel

Abstract : In this dissertation, we investigated the problems of the estimation but also the controller based-observer design in the time and frequency domains, for both standard linear systems and more general systems algebro-differentials ones also called singular systems. The goal of our approach is to propose easily implementable results and to cover the largest possible class of linear systems. So, we began to propose methods for unknown inputs observers design for linear systems without and with delay, subject to unknown inputs which can result from noise, sensors and actuators faults ... We search here to decouple the unknown inputs and the dynamics of the observation error. The time domain method is based on LMIs permitting to find the gain matrix implemented in the observer matrices. The LMI approach is deduced from various bounded lemmas which themselves are based on Lyapunov approach. The frequency domain synthesis is derived from time domain results by defining suitable MFDs and using the factorization approach. We then propose, filters that permits to ensure, in addition to the stability, an H-infinity performance criteria, i.e we search to attenuate the perturbations effect, supposed unknown but of bounded energy, on the dynamics of the estimation error. One of the main contributions of our work, is to propose a new writing of the error dynamics in a singular form in order to avoid the time derivative of the disturbance in the error dynamics. So, the constraints that generally exist on the matrices of synthesized unbiased filters can be relaxed, i.e filters, that they do not depend explicitly on the state x(t) of the system and on the input u(t). The frequency method is deduced from time domain approach by using the factorisation approach. It should be noted that this frequency domain description, (input-output) representation, may allow an easy implementation in the frequency domain when it is recommended. Finally, we apply the proposed estimation methods to control purpose. In fact, in a first part, we propose a new direct synthesis of a controller based on a H-infinity filter directly in the frequency domain for standard linear systems. Then, we focus our attention on singular systems for both continuous and discrete cases and we propose to search for a linear control law using a functional filter which ensures an H-infinity performance criteria. Our approach is obtained into two steps. In fact, first, we search for a linear control law which ensures some specifications for the closed loop system (stability,...). The state feedback is seen as a functional of the state and is then estimated using our previous results on the H-infinity filtering.
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Montassar Ezzine. Observation et commande des systèmes linéaires dans les domaines temporel et fréquentiel. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN10055⟩. ⟨tel-01746232⟩

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