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Relationship between carbon isotopic discrimination and leaf gas exchange during photosynthesis: Estimations of mesophyll conductance to CO2

Abstract : This work was focused on the relationship between isotopic discrimination of 13C during photosynthesis (delta13C) and leaf gas exchange. The model of Farquhar and colleagues (Farquhar et al. 1982) predicts delta13C by accounting for diffusion, carboxylation and decarboxylation processes during the photosynthesis. This relationship is widely used and delta13C is frequently considered as a proxy water use efficiency (WUE, the amount of water required to fix a amount of carbon), an interesting parameter in the context of climate change, crop production and sylviculture. The delta13C model is also used to assess mesophyll conductance to CO2 (gm), that strongly limits photosynthesis via the availability of carbon in the chloroplast. Along this work we analyzed the delta13C model and identified the most important parameters, and highlighted that using the "simple form" of the model (which ignores gm and the decarboxylations) could lead to misestimating WUE. We also focused on the possible rapid variations of gm, a subject still under debate. We confirmed that gm was sensitive to rapid variations of CO2 and irradiance in all species tested in this study. We also showed that apparent rapid variations of gm could not be induced by variations of other parameters in the model, with the exception of parameter b (discrimination during carboxylation). We propose that future studies should focus on (i) the possible environmental and genetic variability of parameter b, and (ii) the physiological processes able to change gm at short time scales (aquaporins and carbonic anhydrase).
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01746280
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Cyril Douthe. Relationship between carbon isotopic discrimination and leaf gas exchange during photosynthesis: Estimations of mesophyll conductance to CO2. Silviculture, forestry. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN10125⟩. ⟨tel-01746280⟩

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