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Effet intra-ponte du moment d'éclosion sur la morphologie, la croissance et l'efficience métabolique des larves de brochet Esox lucius et de carpe commune Cyprinus carpio

Abstract : Based on the analysis of 11 and 8 morphometric variables of body and yolk sac for pike and common carp larvae, we have shown the existence of a significant hatching time effect dependent on the species. For pike, early hatched larvae have a smaller body size at hatch, faster growth rate and higher yolk use efficiency than late hatched ones. In carp, the initial morphometry of larvae at hatch is more homogenous but growth rate was higher in early late hatched larvae compared to larvae hatched earlier. At hatch, the body of early hatched pike larvae was smaller (total length: 8.1 mm HT1 vs 9.5mm HT3 ; p <0.05), their tissues were less abundant (dry weight 0.25 mg ind-1 HT1 vs 0.32 mg ind-1 HT3 ; p <0.05) less energetic (5.98 J. ind-1 HT1 vs 8.46 J. ind-1 HT3 ; p <0.05) with less protein content (0.17 mg ind-1 HT1 vs 0.22 mg ind-1 HT3; p <0,05) but yolk was more important (dry weight 1.44 mg ind-1 HT1 vs 1.33 mg ind-1 HT3; p <0.05) more energetic (38.55 J. ind-1 HT1 vs 36.29 J. ind-1 HT3 ; p <0.05) with higher protein content (0.98 mg ind-1 HT1 vs 0.90 mg ind-1 HT3; p <0.05) compared to larvae hatched at the end of the hatching period (ME3)
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01746284
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  • HAL Id : tel-01746284, version 1

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Awatef Trabelsi-Zouari. Effet intra-ponte du moment d'éclosion sur la morphologie, la croissance et l'efficience métabolique des larves de brochet Esox lucius et de carpe commune Cyprinus carpio. Sciences agricoles. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN10128⟩. ⟨tel-01746284⟩

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