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Développement et mise en oeuvre d'une nouvelle méthode fondée sur le phénomène de nutation pour la décomposition d'un signal composite de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire : application au signal 1H de l'eau dans des argiles synthétiques

Abstract : Nowadays, geologic nuclear waste storage is envisionned according to a multi-layer model which implies clays. The latter exhibit retention capacities and low permeability to water ; that is why they are considered as a good candidate for engineered barriers to radioactive waste disposal. The present work here aims at studying transport phenomena which involve water molecules in three samples of synthetic clays (two of them exhibiting a Pake doublet ) by means of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). The first chapter describes structural proporties of clays and presents the state-of-art of NMR and other experimental techniques used for such systems. The second chapter deals with the interpretation and the simulation of each conventionnal proton spectrum. These simulations allow us to evidence and to characterize a chemical exchange phenomenon. The third chapter is dedicated to original nutation experiments performed under low radiofrequency field in the case of broad NMR signal. It is shown that this type of NMR experiment can yield the number and the proportion of each species contributing to the whole signal. These results are exploited in the fourth chapter for processing relaxation and diffusion experiments. Finally, the diffusion coefficients obtained by NMR are divided by a factor 4 with respect to pure water while relaxation rates are two orders of magnitude greater.
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Grégory Trausch. Développement et mise en oeuvre d'une nouvelle méthode fondée sur le phénomène de nutation pour la décomposition d'un signal composite de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire : application au signal 1H de l'eau dans des argiles synthétiques. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN10150⟩. ⟨tel-01748153⟩

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