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Visualisation interactive de modèles complexes avec les cartes graphiques programmables

Abstract : The goal of our work is to speed-up visualization methods in order to obtain interactive rendering of massive models. This is especially challenging for applications whose usual data has a significant size (millions of polygons). These massive models are usually composed either by numerous small objects (such as an oil platform) or by very detailed geometry information (such as high-quality natural models). We have reviewed the visualization literature from the scale-level point-of-view: scene (which concerns objects visibility), macroscale (covering geometry rendering issues), mesoscale (characterized by introducing details in the final rendering) and microscale (responsible for reproducing microscopic lighting effects). We have focused our contributions on the macroscale level, introducing new surface representations, conversion algorithms and GPU-based primitives. We have classified massive models into two different categories as follows: (I) Natural models: For over-tessellated objects, triangles represent both macro and mesostructures. The main idea is to use a visualization algorithm that is adequate to mesostructure but applied to the complete object. We represent natural objects through geometry textures (a geometric representation for surfaces based on height maps), preserving rendering quality and presenting LOD speed-up. (II) Manufactured models : We have focused our work on industrial plant visualization, whose objects are mostly described by combining simple primitives. Usually, these primitives are tessellated before rendering. We suggest replacing them with our GPU implicit primitives that use their original equation. The benefits are: image quality (perfect silhouette and per-pixel depth), memory and rendering efficiency. We have also developed a reverse engineering algorithm to recover original geometric equations from polygonal meshes.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01748265
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Rodrigo Toledo. Visualisation interactive de modèles complexes avec les cartes graphiques programmables. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007NAN10073⟩. ⟨tel-01748265⟩

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