Modélisation du défaut d'excentration dans une machine asynchrone : Application au diagnostic et à la commande de deux machines spécifiques

Abstract : This thesis investigates various fault and detection issues in a Dual-Stator Winding Induction Machine Drive including rotor eccentricity problems and inverter switch faults. In addition, the control of six-phase series-connected two-motor drives and the related fault detection and fault tolerant strategy issues are studied as well. The work starts with new modeling methods for an eccentric multiphase induction machine. The first proposed method considers only the winding harmonics and neglects the slotting effects. Then, a second method is proposed, considering the first winding harmonic and the slotting ones. From both modeling techniques, eccentricity signatures are extracted. Simulation results show that both modeling techniques provide identical spectra at low frequency; however, the second technique gives additional high frequency sidebands. These sidebands are the results of the interaction between the eccentricity and the slot harmonics. Eccentricity and inverter faults in a Dual-Stator Winding Induction Machine Drive are subsequently investigated. The inverter topology and the control algorithm are reconfigured to deal with short-circuit and open circuit faults on the inverter side so that the stator currents become balanced again and reach their pre-fault magnitude. Simulation results show promising results. The speed is stabilized after a short disturbance due to the fault. Besides, analytical method has been successfully used to predict eccentricity fault, although the machine was inverter fed. Control variables have been effectively used as diagnosis tools for eccentricity fault in a vector controlled machine. Additionally, decoupled control of six-phase and three-phase machines connected in series has been investigated. Firstly, decoupling control using analytical method is predicted. Several simulations are then carried out to confirm the decoupling effectiveness. For this special drive, elimination of the disturbances due to a switch fault is also possible thanks to an appropriate converter topology and adaptation of the control algorithm. Most of simulation predictions are confirmed by experimental results.
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Rijaniaina Njaksasoa Andriamalala. Modélisation du défaut d'excentration dans une machine asynchrone : Application au diagnostic et à la commande de deux machines spécifiques. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10064⟩. ⟨tel-01748385⟩

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