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Contribution à la formalisation unifiée des connaissances fonctionnelles et organisationnelles d'un système industriel en vue d'une évaluation quantitative des risques et de l'impact des barrières envisagées

Abstract : Since the industrial revolution, human being develops industrial systems to meet his production needs. But the operation of such facilities involves risks for the users. As a result the risk analysis has expanded during these last decades. Indeed, if in the Seventies, the studies were focused on the technological failures, several major accidents have underlined the importance of human and organisational factors in their occurrence, and have changed this initial way of thinking. So that in the Eighties, different methods allowing an identification of these factors have emerged. These studies, implying different fields of expertise, were so far independently built and applied. This fact leads to sector-based analyses and prevents from having an overall view of the studied situation. But, recently, some methodologies propose to (partially) integrate these different methods to study risks in a global approach. This lack of integration constitutes nowadays a scientific and industrial issue for the owners of critical systems. Thus, our contribution concerns the development of a methodology enabling the risk analyses of socio-technical systems in operation. This kind of analysis aims to probabilistically estimate risks for helping the decision-making. In that way, we propose an approach that enables to formalise, integrate, characterise and represent the different knowledge of the system. Our model allows an identification of the whole of the causes that lead to the occurrence of a critical event, by considering the technical data of the system and the data related to human operators and organisational features.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01748467
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  • HAL Id : tel-01748467, version 1

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Aurélie Léger. Contribution à la formalisation unifiée des connaissances fonctionnelles et organisationnelles d'un système industriel en vue d'une évaluation quantitative des risques et de l'impact des barrières envisagées. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10058⟩. ⟨tel-01748467⟩

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