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Corrosion et traitement de surface d'alliages de magnésium utilisés pour des applications aéronautiques

Abstract : In the aeronautical industry, aluminium alloys are progressively replaced by magnesium alloys, so as to lighten planes and consequently decrease noise and pollution. Actually, with a density of one third lower than the one of aluminium, magnesium is the lightest structural metal. However, its high chemical reactivity limits its application field: in spite of good mechanical properties, the main drawback of magnesium alloys is their corrosion resistance, which is insufficiently known. At the moment, magnesium alloys enriched with aluminium (as AZ91D or AM50 ones) are among the most used. They are made of two main phases: alpha-phase and Mg17Al12 compound (ß-phase). These alloys can be synthesized of different ways. High pressure die casting and gravity die casting are among the most used processes. The first part of this work is a microstructural and electrochemical study of magnesium alloys enriched with aluminium and obtained with gravity or high pressure die castings. The aluminium content effect, as well as the surface state, were investigated. In bulk conditions, magnesium alloys show a passive behaviour. The higher the aluminium content is, the better the corrosion resistance is. But, for highest aluminium contents, an uncertain pitting phenomenon can also be induced, due to a local accumulation of ß-phase. In skin conditions, high pressure die casting alloys always show an active behaviour, and the higher the aluminium content is, the worse the corrosion resistance is, because of the formation of big areas of ß-phase near the alloy's surface and due to the casting process itself. At least, the gravity die casting process induces a strong roughness which strongly decreases the magnesium alloys corrosion resistance in skin conditions. The second part of this work is a comparative study between the different chemical conversion coatings which are among the most used on magnesium alloys: phosphate-based and Ce(III)-based treatments are more corrosion resistant than chromate-based treatment. This last one is now forbidden because of the high toxicity of chromium (VI). In another hand, stannate-based treatment is the less protective one. This study was performed in the framework of the IDEA project (6th PCRD), in collaboration with a dozen of Israeli and European partners.
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Caroline Juers. Corrosion et traitement de surface d'alliages de magnésium utilisés pour des applications aéronautiques. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN10107⟩. ⟨tel-01748487⟩

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