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Phytoextraction of Ni in ultramafic soils of Albania

Abstract : Phytomining is a process for recovering metals with hyperaccumulating plants from natural or polluted soils. It is an alternative to conventional farming in ultramafic areas. The aim of the thesis is the development of an extensive phytoextraction technology with Alyssum murale on ultramafic Vertisols. Therefore, work was conducted to i) identify the most effective Ni hyperaccumulators, and understand the relationship between metal uptake and bioavailability, ii) identify soil types suitable for phytoextraction, and iii) define and optimize agronomic practices adapted to the plant species and the edaphic conditions. Hence, geobotanical surveys were conducted in Albania and Greece. Then an in situ study was run on an ultramafic toposequence to assess the factors that influence Ni bioavailability and behavior of plants. Finally a four-year field trial was carried out on an ultramafic site in Albania (Pojske) where fertilization, weed control by herbicide, and harvest date were tested to optimize the efficiency of Ni extraction. The results showed that A. markgrafii and A. murale exhibit the highest rate of Ni accumulation among all species of Balkan serpentines. The ultramafic Vertisols have a high Ni availability phytoextraction and are favourable for phytomining. A. murale biomass increased from 0.2 t ha-1 to 6.0 t ha-1 due to optimization of agronomic treatments, and performance of phytoextraction from 23 to 69 kg ha-1. Alyssum murale can be seen as a perennial crop, and fertilization increases the competitiveness of the plant without affecting the Ni concentrations in the harvested parts
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Aïda Bani. Phytoextraction of Ni in ultramafic soils of Albania. Agricultural sciences. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. English. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL042N⟩. ⟨tel-01748721⟩



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