Modélisation par CFD de la précipation du carbonate de baryum en réacteur à lit fluidisé

Abstract : Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques are used to model the precipitation of Barium Carbonate in a solid-liquid fluidized bed reactor. The study is divided in two sections: The hydrodynamic behavior and the barium carbonate precipitation. The CFD model is validated with experimental results for both cases. In the first part, a neutralization reaction in the fluidized bed column with and without solids is carried out. In order to simulate the liquid phase reaction, the Eddy Dissipation Model (EDM), the Eddy Dissipation - Multiple Time Scale turbulent mixer model (EDM-MTS) and the Eddy Dissipation Concept (EDC) reaction models are tested. The model EDM-MTS is chosen for giving the best approach and for being the less computationally expensive. In the second part, the population balance equation is added to the model in order to calculate the Particle Size Distribution (PSD) in the fluidized bed reactor. The discrete method is chosen to solve the population balance equation coupled with the multi-phase Eulerian-Eulerian model, the k-e turbulence model and the EDM-MST model. The nucleation, growth and aggregation kinetics of BaCO3 are included in the precipitation model. The experimental BaCO3 precipitations realized in a fluidized bed reactor allowed the CFD precipitation model validation. The PSD obtained by CFD are in good agreement with the experimental PSD
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Leticia Fernandez Moguel. Modélisation par CFD de la précipation du carbonate de baryum en réacteur à lit fluidisé. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL074N⟩. ⟨tel-01748737⟩

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