La résistance du cotonnier Gossypium hirsutum à la bactériose causée par Xanthomonas campestris pathovar malvacearum : Rôle du gène GhLOX1 dans la réaction hypersensible

Abstract : The HR is a defense strategy. The interaction between G.hirsutum and Xcm is governed by the gene-for-gene concept. The infection of the cultivar Reba B50 that contains B2B3 R genes by race Xcm18 leads to a HR associated with a LOX activity response involved in peroxidation of lipids and with transcription of GhLOX1. First, 6 genotypes of G. hirsutum containing various R genes were tested to analyze the variability of the LOX response following the infection by Xcm1, 18 or 20. Several criteria were investigated including the phenotype, the water loss, the LOX activity and GhLOX1 transcription. The results showed variation in HR phenotype according to the tested R genes. For each type of the incompatible interaction, LOX activity and transcription of GhLOX1 were always significantly increased paralleled the apparition of the HR symptoms and the decrease in the water content. LOX response (enzymatic activity and GhLOX1 transcription) is associated with HR whatever the genotype of both Xcm races and cotton plant. Thus, the GhLOX1 consider as a molecular marker of the cotton specific resistance to Xcm. Second, the role of the GhLOX1 gene in the execution of the cotton HR to Xcm by analyzing its possible function by over-expression, the cotyledons were transformed with the GhLOX1 coding sequence fused to the CaMV35S. These transformed cotyledons revealed (i) a LOX activity significantly higher than that detected in the control, showing that the GhLOX1 encodes for an active protein and (ii) that the phenotype of these cotyledons was indistinguishable as compared to the non transformed cotyledons, except when the HR symptoms were induced in some GhLOX1-over-expressed cotyledons. The effect of agro-infiltration on expression of some plant genes during the transformation revealed early and nonspecific induction of the expression of defense genes. This work constitutes a preliminary investigation for the functional analysis of the GhLOX1 in order to assess its role in the cotton specific resistance to Xcm
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Majd Sayegh. La résistance du cotonnier Gossypium hirsutum à la bactériose causée par Xanthomonas campestris pathovar malvacearum : Rôle du gène GhLOX1 dans la réaction hypersensible. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL077N⟩. ⟨tel-01748740⟩

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