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Modélisation électrique et énergétique des accumulateurs Li-Ion. Estimation en ligne de la SOC et de la SOH

Abstract : This dissertation of thesis deals with the electrical modelling of lithium-ion accumulators and the determination of both state-of-charge (SOC) and state-of-health (SOH). The first chapter is focused on generalities about lithium-ion technology: characteristics, qualities, constitution of the storage device, choice and nature of the electrodes and their consequences on energetical features. The principle and the general equations of the electrochemical phenomena are developed as well. Application examples from different industrial areas are displayed for several power and energy ranges. The second section is about the electrical modelling of lithium-ion accumulators. With a view to better understand the complex electrochemical phenomena, elements of physical modelling are proposed. Then, the synthesis of different electrical models released in the press is considered. On the basis of experimental campaigns lead on a 6.8 Ah lithium-element, we proposed, in a third chapter, our own equivalent electrical model suitable for both discharge phases and relaxation period. In particular, we depict several alternatives to distribute the energy and describe the different line effects. Both characterization tools and parameters extraction procedure are clearly detailed. In the last section, we tackle both SOC and SOH on-line determination. After a short review of academicals and industrial solutions, we rapidly head towards the use of a Kalman filter. In order to compare its features versus the coulombmeter, we propose a model and an algorithm, numerical simulations and experimental tests are performed
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Matthieu Urbain. Modélisation électrique et énergétique des accumulateurs Li-Ion. Estimation en ligne de la SOC et de la SOH. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL028N⟩. ⟨tel-01748759⟩

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