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Étude de l'oxydation de différents composés phénoliques par la laccase de Myceliophtora thermophila : application à la fonctionnalisation du chitosane

Abstract : The laccase of Myceliophtora thermophila oxidizes some hydroxycinnamic acids with ephemeral formation of intermediates of different colors before these evolve spontaneously in dark brown polymers. When this oxidation is performed in biphasique medium (phosphate buffer pH 7.5 and ethyl acetate), a part of these colored intermediates can be recovered in the organic phase and it can be subtracted from an ulterior polycondensation. In the case of ferulic acid, we could isolate an orange yellow fraction, which is especially composed of dimers resulting from the condensation of the semiquinones initially formed. The synthesis of these colorants can be enhanced and their yield can be improved by controlling the reaction through a regulated minimum addition of oxygen. They keep the antioxidant power of related ferulic acid, but in high concentration (from 100 to 200 mg/ml), their cytotoxicity toward the human normal cells (HUVEC) and cancerous one (Caco-2) is important and consequently, their interest is limited as natural colorants. The semiquinone of ferulic acid doesn't form any mixed dimers, when the laccase-catalysed ferulic acid oxidation is performed in the presence of other phenolic acids. This can be explained by the fact that laccase from M. thermophila performes a multioxidation in the function of its high or little affinity for the involved substrates. In presence of an insoluble amino polyoside as chitosan, the intermediates of laccase-catalysed oxidation of different phenolic compounds (ferulic, sinapic, syringic acids and catechin) react with its NH2 groups forming covalent liaisons. Actually, this type of link leads to colored chitosans endowed of news properties due to the grafting of phenolic entities. These functionalized chitosans keep the filmogens properties of the native one. Moreover, also it can form more viscous solutions and become soluble in acidic and basic medium. It can permit the growth of HUVEC cells. They especially acquired some antioxidant properties and formed impermeable films to the oxygen which highlights multiple interesting applications
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Nizar Issa. Étude de l'oxydation de différents composés phénoliques par la laccase de Myceliophtora thermophila : application à la fonctionnalisation du chitosane. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL040N⟩. ⟨tel-01748764⟩

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