Comportements thermomécaniques de polymères chargés selon différents chemins de déformation et traitements thermiques

Abstract : The ArcelorMittal research centre of Montataire elaborates innovative steel / polymer products. In the case of automotive fenders, the composite is a multilayered material. A thin impact polypropylene film is laminated on steel using a thin layer of a functionalized polypropylene. Mineral particles are added to improve stiffness. In order to predict and understand the behaviour of the organic layer all along its production process and finally to be able to characterize the state of its mechanical properties in use, the determination of the true and intrinsic mechanical behaviour laws according to the G'sell and Jonas model is necessary. These laws are obtained for three different mechanical paths: uniaxial tensile, simple shear and plane tensile. The deformation micromechanisms of the impact polypropylene semi-crystalline microstructure which depend on the materials formulations and on the mechanical path used are studied. Post Mortem and In Situ results give qualitative and quantitative description of the main microstructural modifications. Two new methods, X Tomography and Raman spectroscopy allow the quantification of the volume deformation which is developed during tensile tests. They are mainly available for very thin samples. X radiography and VideoTraction are not suitable anymore for this kind of geometry. Finally, the thermo-mechanical phenomenon of shrinkage which occurs during thermal treatment above the material melting point is analysed. Influences of the heating conditions, of the material formulations and of the material microstructure are described. Special overviews are done on the macromolecular chains orientation and on the volume damage influences
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Marc Ponçot. Comportements thermomécaniques de polymères chargés selon différents chemins de déformation et traitements thermiques. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL064N⟩. ⟨tel-01748770⟩

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