Estimation et diagnostic de systèmes non linéaires décrits par un modèle de Takagi-Sugeno

Abstract : This thesis deals with state estimation, fault diagnosis and fault tolerant control of nonlinear systems represented by a Takagi-Sugeno model with unmeasurable premise variables. The problem of state estimation of nonlinear systems with T-S model with unmeasurable premise variable is explored. Algorithms for robust observers synthesis with respect to perturbations, modeling uncertainties and unknown inputs are afterward presented. These algorithms are based on four kinds of observers called proportional, unknown input observers (UIOs), proportional-integral (PI) and multiple-integral (PMI) . The application on model-based diagnosis is studied based on three strategies. The first one uses unknown input observer to decouple some faults and makes the observers insensitive to certain faults. This allows to detect and isolate faults by constructing observers banks. Due to strong structural conditions on designing UIOs decoupling the faults on the state estimation error is not possible. To avoid this problem, the second strategy uses PI and PMI observers in order to estimate simultaneously the state and the faults of the system. The third strategy uses the H8 formalism. This aims to minimize the influence of perturbations and to maximize the effects of faults on the residual signal. An adequate choice of the residual generator parameters allows to detect, to isolate and to estimate the faults affecting the system. Lastly, a fault tolerant control law is proposed by reference trajectory tracking based on the use of PI and PMI observers
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Dalil Ichalal. Estimation et diagnostic de systèmes non linéaires décrits par un modèle de Takagi-Sugeno. Autre [cs.OH]. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL088N⟩. ⟨tel-01748790⟩

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