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Synthèse et caractérisation de nouveaux polymères comportant un nombre contrôlé de sites basiques : application à la détection du dioxyde de soufre par des microcapteurs à onde acoustique de surface

Abstract : This work aimed at developing new surface acoustic wave (SAW) microsensors capable of detecting traces of sulfur dioxide (SO) through a sensitive layer based on a functional polymer. An original family of five polyurethaneimide (PUI) block copolymers containing a controlled number of tertiary amine sites with different chemical structures was synthesized and characterized. These materials exhibited original properties in solution and solid state, which were mainly due to the presence of the basic sites and the block structure combining polyether soft blocks and partially fluorinated hard blocks. Their excellent film-forming character allowed their application as SO sensitive layers on SAW microsensors. Two bi-layer and three-layer structures of Love wave microsensors were developed by respecting the conditions of the Love wave generation. The bi-layer structure included the Quartz ST-90° as the piezoelectric substrate and one of the PUIs acting as both guiding and sensitive layer. This structure generated the Love wave but its high sensitivity to temperature was a major drawback for gas sensors. The addition of a ZnO guiding layer in a three-layer structure led to a microsensor almost insensitive to temperature and thus compatible with the targeted application. The experimental results for SO detection showed that all the PUIs contributed to improve the sensitivity compared to the device without polymer layer. The presence of tertiary amine sites led to a significant improvement in gas sensitivity which was not only governed by their basicity but also by their steric hindrance which played a determining role
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01748802
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Ismail Ben Youssef. Synthèse et caractérisation de nouveaux polymères comportant un nombre contrôlé de sites basiques : application à la détection du dioxyde de soufre par des microcapteurs à onde acoustique de surface. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL043N⟩. ⟨tel-01748802⟩

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