Etude de la propreté inclusionnaire des lingots VAR - Application aux alliages de titane

Abstract : The presence of exogeneous inclusions has always been a major concern for the titanium industry. To help improve the inclusional cleanliness of VAR (Vacuum Arc Remelting) titanium ingots, a numerical and experimental study was undertaken.The numerical model is capable of predicting the motion and dissolution of a hard-a defect falling from the electrode tip into the ingot melt pool during vacuum arc remelting. It is implemented in SOLAR, a CFD code that simulates the ingot growth and solidification. The dissolution of the inclusion is governed by nitrogen diffusion from the defect towards the surrounding molten metal. A model describing this phenomenon predicts the particle size evolution and the nitrogen profile at each moment. The motion of the spherical particle is tracked using a Lagrangian model and the influence of turbulence is accounted for by a modification of the drag coefficient.Results show that inclusion removal is difficult with a single melt since the growth of a -phase layer leads to an initial increase in the defect size. The inclusion behaviour is highly dependent on the pool hydrodynamics and on inclusion characteristics.In order to clarify dissolution aspects of these defects and to measure their dissolution kinetics, synthetically processed defects were introduced into molten titanium heated in an electron beam melting furnace. Dissolution rates were calculated by measuring the size of the defects before and after the experiments and the results were used to validate the numerical models. Furthermore, the experiments show that dissolution kinetics highly depend on fluid motion and temperature
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Ghassan Ghazal. Etude de la propreté inclusionnaire des lingots VAR - Application aux alliages de titane. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL016N⟩. ⟨tel-01748825⟩

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