Modélisation du processus thermo-électro-mécanique de frittage flash

Abstract : Nowadays, Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) is used to consolidate powders in a relative short time (few minutes). This process uses a pulsed high DC electrical current (few kA) which flows through the conductive part of the device and generates large heating rate mainly due to Joule effect. The application of an uniaxial pressure via punches combined with a rapid heating allow the production of near net shape specimen. The thermal electrical mechanical numerical simulation of SPS process is a powerful tool to capture in situ evolutions of temperature, porosity and stresses which are difficult to obtain in experiments. In this work, a new constitutive model is presented for the description of the behavior of porous medium. This model is based on original viscoplastic micromechanical models of the literature and modified in a heuristic manner to better reproduce the real densification of sintered material for porosity in the range [0;0,5]. The model has been implemented in ABAQUS software. A thermal electrical mechanical simulation of SPS is performed where the dependence of material parameters on temperature and porosity is taken into account. Four processing cycles of nickel have been conducted with different temperature histories. Calculated porosity and temperature evolutions are compared to experimental results. Post-mortem analyses of the material (grain size, yield stress) confirm the temperature distribution obtained by numerical simulations in the sample made of nickel. This simulation is seen to be able to capture experimental trends. The work will permit in a near future the optimization of the sintering conditions to reach prescribed properties
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Cyprien Wolff. Modélisation du processus thermo-électro-mécanique de frittage flash. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011METZ018S⟩. ⟨tel-01749045⟩

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