L'arrivée de la grande vitesse ferroviaire dans l'Est de la France : un espoir de désenclavement de la Haute-Saône par un renouveau des axes méridiens ?

Abstract : Department of the Haute-Saône lies at the crossing lotharingien axis and the radial axis between the Ile-de-France and the German-speaking Switzerland. In the nineteenth century, during the construction of modern roads (railway, river routes and roads), the Department could hope to become a crossroads between the axes, lotharingien, the Rhine-Rhône corridor and the radial axis Paris-Basel. If the Haute-Saône took advantage unquestionably the modern waterway network installed on its territory, it was nevertheless in the position of margin at the border between the companies of the East and the P.L.M which deprived it of the grand axis Meridian lotharingien which would have further opened its territory. Similarly, at the local level, fears have led to deny the passage of the highway. Over the past half century and the early 2000s, top-saônois axes have left leading to the disconnection of the Department and then to his isolation. However, the arrival of the T.G.V can allow the Department of the Haute-Saône to open up. Currently, axis by the Haute-Saône found a growing interest, as it provides the outlet to the South of the Lorraine region and the Benelux. Development projects are under study as the electrification of the line between Épinal and Belfort, ensuring a rail connection between the Lorraine and the Rhine-Rhone TGV, or even the study of the river link between the Saône and the Moselle. These developments could perhaps term (re) open up the Haute-Saône and give back to the Franche-Comté position of carrefour.
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Jean-Louis Mignot. L'arrivée de la grande vitesse ferroviaire dans l'Est de la France : un espoir de désenclavement de la Haute-Saône par un renouveau des axes méridiens ?. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21018⟩. ⟨tel-01749108⟩

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