Genèse et transformation d'une forme urbaine : le grand ensemble. L'exemple de la ville modèle socialiste de Halle-Neustadt

Abstract : Halle-Neustadt is the fourth new town founded in GDR was built so that the workers of chemical industries dwelling in the region can settle. Halle-Neustadt has been a socialist model town and has been an epitome in matter of urbanism and building techniques the authorities have carefully attended to. Nevertheless, the increase of economic issues has dashed their hopes so that the former model town became the biggest large scale housing development district in Halle's old town. In the 1990's, the towns in new Länder are faced with a worrying shrinkage of town, and in first place a serious decrease of population growth. Large housing estates have been hardly hit by demographic and economic decline, and Neustadt does not make exception to the rule. This situation has lead the Federal government to design a support programme called Stadtumbau Ost programme (Urban Restructuring East). This programme incites towns to demolition and rehabilitation; demolitions are concentrated in large housing estates. From socialist model town to restructured large scale housing estate, Neustadt is a paradigm for large housing estate in new Länder, but also in France. Restructuration is a way to change urban landscape in the large housing estates. This urban shape is here in question, from the modern movement to present restructuration.
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Axelle de Gasperin. Genèse et transformation d'une forme urbaine : le grand ensemble. L'exemple de la ville modèle socialiste de Halle-Neustadt. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21027⟩. ⟨tel-01749126⟩

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